Glosario de Carlos von der Becke - glossary project managment

PROJECTNET GLOSSARY (PROJECT MANAGEMENT GLOSSARY)

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    Introduction

    The management of projects encompasses an enormous variety of techniques, methods and processes. Each of these has its own terminology which often varies between industries, or more noticably, between books and software packages. Total confusion reigns since there is no worldwide definitive standard for the language of project management. Far be it from us to suggest that this book defines such a standard but it brings together a range of sources and provides a comprehensive guide to terms and definitions as used in the UK.

    Most of the definitive British texts on project management and its derivatives are represented here. PRINCE, the Association for Project Management's Body of Knowledge and CCTA guides have all their terms included and indexed to show their source. Where necessary full definitions have been abridged and this is indicated in the text. We hope you find the section useful and, on occasion, amusing. There are one or two tongue in cheek definitions that may sound familiar to some of the more battle weary project managers out there.

    The Glossary of Project Management is compiled by: Adrian Dooley: Technical Editor, Project Manager Today magazine.


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    0/100 Tracking

    100/0 Tracking

    50/50 Tracking

    99% Complete

    • A state in which 99% of Activities exist 99% of the time.

    Acceptance

    Acceptance Letters

    Activity

    Activity Calendar

    Activity Description

    Activity ID

    Activity Network

    Activity on Arrow

    Activity on Node

    Actual Cost

    Actual Cost of Work Performed

    Actual Finish Date

    Actual Start Date

    ACWP

    Adjourning

    ADM

    AIPM

    ALAP

    Allocation

    APM

    Approval to Proceed

    Archive Plan

    Arrow Diagram Method

    As Late As Possible

    As of Date

    As Soon As Possible

    ASAP

    Assignment

    Association of Project Managers

    Australian Institute of Project Management

    BAC

    BAC

    Backward Pass

    Balanced Matrix

    Bar Chart

    Base Date

    Baseline

    Baseline Cost

    Baseline Duration

    Baseline Effort

    Baseline Finish

    Baseline Start

    BCM

    BCWP

    BCWS

    Belbin

    Benefits

    Benefits Framework

    Benefits Management

    Benefits Management Plan

    Benefits Management Regime

    Benefits Profiles

    Benefits Realisation Stage

    Beta Distribution

    Blueprint

    Board of Directors

    • A group of people who spend one third of their time thinking of pointless new Projects and two thirds of their time inventing artificial and tortuous acronyms for the new projects which make them sound like highly profitable or motivational initiatives.

    Body of Knowledge

    BOOT

    Bottom Up

    Brainstorming

    Breakdown Structures

    Budget

    Budget at Completion

    Budget Cost of Work Performed

    Budget Cost of Work Scheduled

    Business Acceptance Letter

    Business Area

    Business Assurance

    Business Assurance Co-ordinator

    Business Case

    Business Change Manager

    C/SCSC

    C/Spec

    Calendar

    CCTA

    Certificated Project Manager

    Change Control

    Checkpoint

    • A regular technical and managerial control point.
      (definition from PRINCE 1)

    Checkpoint Meeting

    Checkpoint Report

    Close Out (1.11)

    CMM

    Co-ordinated Matrix

    Communication (2.3)

    Communications Plan

    Completion Date

    Compound Risk

    Configuration

    Configuration Item

    Configuration Librarian

    Configuration Management

    Configuration Management Methodology

    Conflict Management (2.7)

    Constraints

    Consumable Resource

    • The most common Resources are re-usable i.e. people and machinery. Some computer packages allow definition of consumable resources i.e. materials to allow for stock control.

    Contingency

    Control and Co-ordination (2.2)

    Control Points

    Cost Benefit Analysis

    Cost Codes

    • Codes allocated to Activities which allow costs to be consolidated according to the elements of the coding structure.

    Cost Control (3.5)

    Cost Curve

    • A graph plotted against a horizontal time scale and cumulative cost vertical scale.

    Cost Envelope

    Cost Performance Index

    Cost Variance

    Cost/Schedule Control Systems Criteria

    CPI

    CRAMM

    Crash Costs

    Crash Duration

    Critical Activity

    Critical Path

    Critical Path Analysis

    Critical Sequence

    Critical Sequence Analysis

    Critical Success Factors

    Criticality Index

    Cross-Stage Plan

    Current Date

    Customer

    CV


    Dangle

    Delegation (2.5)

    Deliverable

    Delphi Technique

    Dependency Links

    Design Authority

    Design Management Plan

    Detailed Plans

    Detailed Resource Plan

    Detailed Technical Plan

    Deterministic Network

    Dummy

    Duration

    EAC

    Early Event Date

    Early Finish Date

    Early Start Date

    Earned Value

    Earned Value Analysis

    Efficiency

    Effort Remaining

    End Stage Assessment

    End Tranche Assessment

    ESA

    Estimate at Completion

    Estimate to Complete

    Estimating

    Estimating (3.4)

    ETC

    Event

    Exception Memo

    Exception Plan

    Executive

    External Constraint


    Hammock Activity

    Hand-over Plan

    Hard Project

    Henry Gantt

    Highlight Report

    Histogram

    • A graph showing resource usage on the vertical axis against time on the horizontal axis.

    Hypercritical

    i Node

    i/j Numbers

    Impact

    Impact Analysis

    Imposed Finish

    Imposed Start

    Independent Float

    Individual Work Plan

    Informal Review

    Information Systems Examination Board

    Insanity

    Integration (1.9)

    Interface

    International Journal of Project Management

    • The academic journal of the IPMA.

    International Project Management Association

    Internet

    IRR

    • See Internal Rate of Return

    ISEB

    Island of Stability

    IT Executive Committee

    j Node


    Hammock Activity

    Hand-over Plan

    Hard Project

    Henry Gantt

    Highlight Report

    Histogram

    • A graph showing resource usage on the vertical axis against time on the horizontal axis.

    Hypercritical

    i Node

    i/j Numbers

    Impact

    Impact Analysis

    Imposed Finish

    Imposed Start

    Independent Float

    Individual Work Plan

    Informal Review

    Information Systems Examination Board

    Insanity

    Integration (1.9)

    Interface

    International Journal of Project Management

    • The academic journal of the IPMA.

    International Project Management Association

    Internet

    IRR

    • See Internal Rate of Return

    ISEB

    Island of Stability

    IT Executive Committee

    j Node


    Key Performance Indicators

    KPI

    Ladder

    Lag Time

    Late Event Date

    Late Finish Date

    Late Start Date

    Lead Time

    Leadership (2.4)

    Library

    Likelihood

    Likely Duration

    Line of Balance

    Linked Bar Chart

    Linked Projects

    • A term used in some computer packages to indicate Projects which use a common set of Resources.

    Links

    Logic Link

    Logic Loop

    Management by Project

    Management Development (2.9)

    Management Files

    Management Products

    Matrix Management

    Maximum Resource Limit

    Method of Potentials

    Methodology

    Mid-Stage Assessment

    Milestone

    Milestone Plan

    Monte Carlo Analysis

    MSA

    Multi-project management

    Must Finish

    Must Start


    Key Performance Indicators

    KPI

    Ladder

    Lag Time

    Late Event Date

    Late Finish Date

    Late Start Date

    Lead Time

    Leadership (2.4)

    Library

    Likelihood

    Likely Duration

    Line of Balance

    Linked Bar Chart

    Linked Projects

    • A term used in some computer packages to indicate Projects which use a common set of Resources.

    Links

    Logic Link

    Logic Loop

    Management by Project

    Management Development (2.9)

    Management Files

    Management Products

    Matrix Management

    Maximum Resource Limit

    Method of Potentials

    Methodology

    Mid-Stage Assessment

    Milestone

    Milestone Plan

    Monte Carlo Analysis

    MSA

    Multi-project management

    Must Finish

    Must Start


    Negative Float

    Negotiation (2.8)

    Nervous Breakdown Structure

    Network

    Network Analysis

    Node

    Normal Resource Limit

    Norming

    Not Earlier Than

    Not Later Than

    NPV

    • See Net Present Value

    O-SR

    Off-specification Report

    Operations Acceptance Letter

    Optimistic Duration

    Organisational Design (2.1)

    Original Duration

    Overload

    Overtime


    PAT

    PBR

    PBS

    PDM

    PDS

    Percentage Complete

    Performance Measurement

    Performance Measurement (3.6)

    Performing

    PERT

    Pessimistic Duration

    PI Tables

    PID

    PIR

    Plan

    Planners

    Planning (3.2)

    Planning Stage

    PMI

    PMP

    Pool Resource

    Post Implementation Review

    Post Project Appraisal (1.12)

    Post Project Review

    Precedence

    Precedence Diagram Method

    Predecessor

    Presenter

    PRIDE

    • The name everybody gives to their personal adaptation of PRINCE. It usually stands for Projects in a Dynamic Environment but widely rumoured to mean Projects In Deep Excrement.

    PRINCE Co-ordinator

    PRINCE version 1

    PRINCE version 2

    • A version of PRINCE due for release in 1996. It is intended to be applicable to non-IT projects.

    Priority

    Probabilistic Dependencies

    • Dependencies between Activities which indicate alternative sequences of logic which have probabilities attached to them.

    Probabilistic Networks

    • Networks which comprise Probabilistic rather than Deterministic relationships between Activities.

    Probability

    Probability/Impact Table

    Product

    Product Breakdown Structure

    Product Description

    Product Flow Diagram

    Programme

    Programme Benefits Review

    Programme Benefits Review Report

    Programme Brief

    Programme Definition Phase

    Programme Definition Statement

    Programme Director

    Programme Directorate

    Programme Evaluation and Review Technique

    Programme Execution Phase

    Programme Executive

    Programme Identification Phase

    Programme Management

    Programme Management (1.2)

    Programme Manager

    Programme Plan

    Programme Support Office

    Progress Date

    Progress Reporting

    Project

    Project Appraisal (1.7)

    Project Assurance Team

    Project Board

    Project Boundary

    Project Brief

    Project Calendar

    Project Champion

    Project Closure

    Project Culture

    Project Director

    Project Engineer

    Project Environment (1.5)

    Project Evaluation Review

    Project File

    Project Initiation

    Project Initiation Document

    Project Issue Report

    Project Leader

    Project Lifecycle (1.4)

    Project Management (1.3)

    Project Management Institute

    Project Management Professional

    Project Management Software

    Project Manager

    Project Manager 1

    Project Manager Today

    Project Matrix

    Project Organisation

    Project Portfolio

    Project Portfolio Plan

    Project Resource Plan

    Project Sponsor

    Project Strategy (1.6)

    • Projects should have a high level comprehensive definition of the way they are to be developed and managed. All major issues should be addressed i.e. technical, financial, organisational, time and quality as well as safety, human resources, logistics, procurement, information systems and technology.

    Project Success/Failure Criteria (1.8)

    Project Support Office

    Project Technical Plan

    PROMIS

    PROMPT

    PROMS-G

    QA

    Qualitative Risk Analysis

    Quality Assurance

    Quality Control

    Quality Criteria

    Quality File

    Quality Guide

    Quality Plan

    Quality Review

    Quantitative Risk Analysis

    Remaining Duration

    Request for Change

    Resource Analysis

    Resource Calendar

    Resource Histogram

    Resource Levelling

    Resource Limit

    Resource Limited Resource Scheduling

    Resource Optimisation

    Resource Plans

    Resource Profile

    Resource Scheduling

    Resource Smoothing

    Resourcing Plan

    Result Paths

    Retention

    Reviewers

    RFC

    Risk

    Risk Analysis

    Risk Assessment

    Risk Avoidance

    Risk Identification

    Risk Management

    Risk Management (3.7)

    Risk Management Plan

    Risk Matrix

    Risk Prioritizing

    Risk Ranking

    Risk Reduction

    Risk Register

    Risk Transfer

    Risk Value

    Roles

    Rolling Demo

    • An automatic demonstration of a software package which highlights all the good looking parts of the software and omits all the tricky parts that don't work so well.

    Runaway Project


    SCERT

    Schedule

    • A collection of reports showing the timing of Activities, the resources allocated to them and associated costs.

    Schedule Performance Index

    Schedule Variance

    Scheduled Finish

    Scheduled Start

    Scheduling (3.3)

    Scope Creep

    Secondary Risk

    Secondment Matrix

    Security Acceptance Letter

    Senior Technical

    Senior User

    SF link

    Skill

    Skill Groups

    Slack

    Slippage

    Slippage Report

    Soft Project

    Soft Skills

    Span Activity

    SPI

    Split Activity

    SS link

    Stage

    Stage Assessment

    Stage File

    Stage Manager

    Stage Resource Plan

    Stage Teams

    Stage Technical Plan

    Start to Finish

    Start to Start

    Step

    Storming

    Sub-network

    Sub-project

    Successor

    Sunk Costs

    Supercritical

    SV

    System

    System Acceptance Letter

    System Library

    Systems and Procedures (1.10)

    Systems Management (1.1)


    TAC

    Target Finish

    Target Start

    Task

    Team Building

    Team Building (2.6)

    Team Development

    Team Leader

    Technical Assurance

    • The process of monitoring the technical integrity of Products.
      (definition abridged from PRINCE 1)

    Technical Assurance Co-ordinator

    Technical Exception

    Technical File

    Technical Guide

    Technical Plans

    Technical Products

    Three Duration Technique

    Time Limited Resource Scheduling

    Time Now Date

    Time Recording

    Time Recording Software

    Time Sheet

    Tolerability

    Tolerance

    Top Down

    Total Float

    Tracking

    Tranche

    Transformation

    Transition Plan

    UAC

    UAC Liaison Officer

    User Acceptance Letter

    User Assurance

    User Assurance Co-ordinator

    Users


    Value Management (3.8)

    Variance at Completion

    Variation Order

    VERT

    • See Venture Evaluation and Review Technique

    WBS

    Work Breakdown Code

    Work Breakdown Structure

    Work Definition (3.1)


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    Copyright 1996
    Created: 19 March 1996
    Last Updated: 09 April 1997